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15th June 2021

  • Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) Yearbook 2021

  • Floating Raft Agriculture

  • One nation one Ration Card

  • NATO meet

  • G-7 Statement on China

  • Consumer Price and Wholesale Price Index

15th June 2021: List

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) Yearbook 2021

The Swedish think tank releases its stockholm International Peace Research Institute year book 2021.

Findings: 

  • It finds out that the overall number of warheads in global military stockpiles now appears to be increasing.

  • It says that the declining trend of global nuclear arsenals have come to halt since the end of the Cold War.

  • It found out the nuclear weapon  stockpile of China, India and Pakistan.

    • It found out that India possessed an estimated 156 nuclear warheads at the start of 2021, compared with 150 last year.

    • Further Pakistan had 165 warheads which increased from 160 in 2020. 

    • And China’s nuclear arsenal consisted of 350 warheads, up from 320 at the start of 2020.

  • The nine nuclear armed states of the world include the U.S., Russia, the U.K., France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel and North Korea.

  • These nuclear states together possessed an estimated 13,080 nuclear weapons at the start of 2021. 

  • Both Russia and the U.S. together possessed over 90% of global nuclear weapons.

  • Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons came into force in  early 2021. It highlights the growing divide between the nuclear-armed states, which are all investing in the long-term future of their nuclear forces, and other countries that are impatient to see progress on nuclear disarmament promised by the Nuclear Non-Proliferation TreatySource: SIPRI.org

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Floating raft agriculture

News: Farmers in Vembanad backwaters have developed a floating raft to cultivate marigold flowers to be used in the Oman festival.

About the Floating raft:

  • The base of the floating  raft will be made through Bamboo.

  • It will be held together by the coir geotextile with a bed of degraded water hyacinth.

  • It is made to  improve adaptability and resilience in the background of climate change

  • Similar successful experiments were  done with  amaranthus in  Alappuzha-Cherthala Canal near Kalavoor.

15th June 2021: Text

One Nation One Ration Card

News: Government representatives in supreme court submitted that  86% of the NFSA population in the country were swiftly brought under the ONORC plan by December 2020”.

Aim: 

  • It aims to empower all migrant beneficiaries of the National Food Security Act  to access foodgrains from any Fair Price Shop [FPS] in any state by using the same ration card.

  • To ensure that migrant workers and their families gets assured access to nutrition via national portability of ration cards under the Food Security Act.

15th June 2021: Text

NATO meet

News: NATO meeting took place in  Brussels. 

Outcome:

  • U.S. President Joe Biden said that the defence of Europe, Turkey and Canada was a “sacred obligation” for the United States.

  • He seeks NATO assistance against U.S. strategy to contain China’s military rise as well as showing unity in the face of Russian aggression.

  • The US said that Russia and China are not holding up onto the principles of liberla democracy.

Significance:

  • This indicates a marked shift of US policy towards NATO, where the previous President Donald Trump policy, giving warnings to withdraw from the military alliance.

NATO meet
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 G-7 Statement  on China 

After a three day summit of G-7 in Carbis Bay in England. G- 7 released a statement on China slamming China over abuses against minorities in the Xinjiang region and pro-democracy activists in Hong Kong, while U.S. President called for Beijing to “start acting more responsibly in terms of international norms on human rights”

15th June 2021: Text

Consumer Price and Wholesale Price Index

News: In May the Consume  hit a six-month high of 6.3%, and Wholesale price index reached a record 12.94% inflation in may.

Inflation rIse:

  • Persistent rise in fuel and edible oil prices were the reason for rise in inflation.

  • The ‘fuel and light’ inflation for Consumers was 11.58%.

  • Food inflation again rise to 5.1% from just 1.96% in the month of April

15th June 2021: Text
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