They are notified areas.
They serve the purpose of protection of tiger and its prey governed by project tiger.
Initially India had 9 tiger reserves but now we have 52 tiger reserves in 17 states.
Tiger reserves are notified by STATE GOVT. on recommendation of national tiger conservation authority
Component of Tiger Reserve:
It is a critical tiger habitat area, they are established on the basis of scientific and objective criteria.
They are meant for purpose of tiger conservation, without affecting the rights schedule tribes or such other forest dewe;;ers
They are notified by the state govt with an expert committee.
It is a peripheral area which provide lesser degree of habitat protection to ensure integrity
Aim of the zone is t promote coexistence
Limits: are determined on the basis of scientific and objective criterion in consultation with concerned gram sabha and expert committee constituted for this purpose
No alteration in boundaries of tiger reserve shall be made except on recommendation of national tiger cons authority and approval of national board for wild life
No state govt. shall de notify a tiger reserve except in public interest with app of these authorities