INDIAN BALLISTIC MISSILE DEFENCE SYSTEM
BMDP aims to provide an effective missile shield against incoming enemy ballistic and nuclear missiles. A hostile missile needs to be intercepted at boost (launch) point, mid-course (flight through space) or terminal phase (during atmospheric descent).
It is being developed by the DRDO as a two layered system to tackle endo and exo missiles.
The BMD is a fully automated system which comprises of:
Overlapping network of early warning and tracking radar
Reliable command and control post
Land and sea-based batteries of advanced interceptor missile
It is a Two tier system:
Prithvi Air Defence (PAD) missile:
The PAD is for high altitude interception and
It intercepts missiles at altitudes between 50km-80km.
Advanced Air Defence (AAD) Missile:
The AAD is a low altitude interception system and the
It destroys the target at altitudes of 15km-30km.
The endo-atmospheric defence system made a direct hit with the incoming missile.
The shooting down an incoming missile at lower altitudes is more complicated than shooting at higher altitudes due to the higher velocity of the missile.
At the terminal stage of its flight, the missile is at its maximum velocity.
The PAD system was tested in November 2006, and the AAD in December 2007.
With the test of the PAD missile, India became the fourth country to have successfully developed an anti-ballistic missile system, after the United States of America, Russia, and Israel.
As of 2020, the first phase of the programme is complete and DRDO is waiting for government nod to install the missiles shield over the National capital