7th July 2021
Crime Against Women
G.S. Paper II: Social Issues
As per the Data released by the Delhi Police:
As per the data, Crime rate against women in the capital increased by 63.3% in the first six months of 2021 as compared to 2020.
Number of cases of rape increased 43% from 580 till June 15 last year to 833 this year.
No. of cases of molestation jumped by 39% from 733 to 1,022.
No. of cases of kidnapping of women from 1,026 to 1,580, abduction of women from 46 to 159, and dowry deaths from 47 to 56.
G.S. Paper III: Economics
News: Kashmiri Gate metro station gets India’s first fastag parking facility.
It is a reloadable tag which allows automatic deduction of money without having to stop for carrying out the cash transaction.
These tags use Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology. They are fixed on the windscreen of the vehicle.
RFID uses radio waves to read and capture information stored on a tag attached to a particular object.
It can be read from up to several feet away.
Further, it does not require to be within the direct line-of-sight of the reader to be tracked.
Legislative Council of West Bengal
G.S. Paper II: Polity
News: West Bengal passed the resolution to set up the legislative council.
History of Bengal legislative council:
West Bengal Legislative Council (Abolition) Act, 1969, Provided for the abolition of the Legislative Council of the State of West Bengal.
About the council:
Legislative council of the second house of the state legislature, along with the Legislative assembly. However, not all states have the legislative council. As of now, Only six states have two Houses i.e. bicameral legislature. These states includes: Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra and Karnataka. The legislative council of Jammu and Kashmir was abolished by the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019. All other states have a unicameral legislature i.e. only one house.
Creation of legislative council:
It needs a bill to be passed by the legislative assembly with a majority of two-third members.
This bill then shall be passed by the parliament with a simple majority followed by Presidential assent.
Abolition of legislative council:
Under the provisions of Article 169, parliament can provide for abolition of state legislative council by a law passed by simple majority of the parliament.