4th June 2021
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NITI Aayog’s 2020 SDG Index
NITI aayog has released the third edition of It’s Sustainable Development Goals index.
Key findings of the index:
As per the NITI aayog’s index significant improvements have been made in achieving the target of SDG related to clean energy, urban development and health in 2020.
Improvement is also observed in SDG related to social inequality.
A decreased performance was observed in achieving the targets related to industry, innovation and infrastructure and economic growth.
Performances of State:
Kerala is the best performer with a score of 75, followed by Tamil Nadu and Himachal Pradesh at 72 points.
Bihar, Jharkhand and Assam are the worst performing states.
All the states showed improvement with the highest improvement depicted by Mizoram and Haryana.
Issues with the indices:
Though an improvement was witnessed in the social inequality, however as per the experts the important economic indicators such as growth rates for household expenditure per capita among the bottom 40% of rural and urban populations, as well as the Gini coefficient, Palma ratio, used to measure inequality in income and expenditure have been omitted and greater weightage has been accorded to social indicators.
This year social indicators include: percentage of women and Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe representatives in State Legislatures and the panchayati raj institutions and the levels of crime against the SC/ST communities and the only economic indicator is the percentage of population in the lowest two wealth quintiles.
Sustainable Development goals:
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), also known as the Global Goals and they replaced millennium development goals.
The United Nations adopted 17 SDGs in 2015 as a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet, and ensure that by 2030 all people enjoy peace and prosperity.
The 17 SDGs are integrated and they recognize the principle that action in one area will affect outcomes in others, and that development must balance social, economic and environmental sustainability.
Sustainable Development goals Index:
Every year SDG index is released by NITI aayog.
It was first released in 2018, to monitor the country’s progress on the goals through data-driven assessment and to foster a competitive spirit among the States and Union Territories in achieving them.
It aimed at developing competitive federalism.