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25 April 2023

Operation Kaveri


News: India has started Operation Kaveri to evacuate its nationals from conflict-torn Sudan,


About the news:

  • Nearly 3,000 Indians are stuck in various parts of Sudan, including the national capital, Khartoum, and distant provinces such as Darfur.

  • India had stationed two C-130J heavy-lift aircraft in Jeddah and sent INS Sumedha to Port Said for the operation.

  • The evacuation acquired urgency in view of the total breakdown of essential services in Sudan. Food and water are in short supply, and there is a power outage.

  • Indians in Sudan have reached out to the government, showing videos of indiscriminate attacks that also targeted residences of the Indian community and looting of essential items by the rebel paramilitary.


Supreme Court:  Governors should not sit over Bills


News: The Supreme Court said that the Governors should return Bills that they do not agree to “as soon as possible” and not sit over them, making State Legislative Assemblies wait indefinitely.


Petition:  A petition filed by the State of Telangana complaining that Governor Tamilisai Soundararajan has kept pending several important Bills sent to her for assent in September 2022.

Constitutional Provisions

  • Article 200 of the Constitution

    • It mandates that Governors should not dally or act slowly over Bills sent to them for assent after they had been passed by Legislative Assemblies.

    • The proviso to Article 200 clearly mandates that Governors should “as soon as possible” return Bills, other than Money Bills, for reconsideration by the House with a note that the proposed law should be reconsidered.



Vibrant Villages plan to be merged with PM Gati Shakti


Vibrant Villages Programme (VVP): 

  • Aim: To develop infrastructure and open up villages along the China border to tourists.

  • Objective: to stop the migration of border population 

  • It will be integrated with the Prime Minister’s Gati Shakti mega project.

  • Bhaskaracharya National Institute for Space Applications and Geoinformatics (BISAG-N) in Gujarat will be tracking the infrastructure and other land-use changes in the border villages for real-time monitoring. It will provide satellite images and GIS mapping of the projects that will be taken up under the scheme.

  • The scheme has allocated ₹4,800 crores for the financial years 2023-24, 2024-25 and 2025-26. The amount allocated for road construction is ₹2,500 crore.

Gati Shakti:

  • The digital platform of the Gati Shakti project brings 16 Ministries, including Railways and Highways, together for integrated planning and coordinated implementation of infrastructure connectivity projects and allows departments to work in cohesion.


Click here to know more about Vibrant Village Programme 

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