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23 April 2023


News: ISRO launches PSLV-C55 with two Singapore satellites


About the launch:

  • The Indian Space Research Organisation launched Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C55) from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota.

  • It carries two Singapore satellites, TeLEOS-2 as the primary satellite and Lumelite-4 as a co-passenger.


  • It carries a Synthetic Aperture Radar payload.

  • It was developed under a partnership between DSTA (representing the Government of Singapore) and ST Engineering, a Singapore firm.

  • It will be used to support the satellite imagery requirements of various agencies of Singapore. 

  • TeLEOS-2 will be able to provide all-weather day-and-night coverage, and capable of imaging at a 1-metre full-polarimetric resolution


  • It is a technology demonstration nano-satellite.

  • It is co-developed by the Institute for Infocomm Research (I2R) of Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR) and Satellite Technology and Research Centre (STAR) of the National University of Singapore. 

  • It is an advanced 12U satellite developed for the technological demonstration of the High-Performance Space-borne VHF Data Exchange System (VDES).


  • It was a dedicated commercial PSLV mission of NewSpace India Limited (NSIL), for an international satellite customer from Singapore”.

  • It is the 57th flight of PSLV and 16th mission which use  the PSLV Core Alone configuration (PSLV-CA).

  • It will carry out in-orbit scientific experiments by using the spent PS4 stage as an orbital platform. This is the third time that PS4 will be used after satellite separations as a platform for experiments.




News: India's External Affairs Minister co-chaired the 4th India-CARICOM ministerial meeting with his Jamaican counterpart.



  • It stands for Caribbean Community.

  • It is the oldest surviving integration movement in the developing world.

  • It is an organization of Caribbean countries and dependencies originally established as the Caribbean Community and Commons Market in 1973 by the Treaty of Chaguaramas.

  • Chairmanship: Rotated every six months among the member countries' Heads.

  • Secretariat: It is located in Georgetown, Guyana, is the principal administrative organ of the Community and is headed by a Secretary General who is the Chief Executive Officer of the Community.

  • In 2007, Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ) was inaugerated which serves as the final court of appeal for CARICOM members and also handles regional trade disputes.



  • To promote economic integration and cooperation among its members

  • To ensure that the benefits of integration are equitably shared;

  • To coordinate foreign policy;



  • It has 15 members; Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, and Trinidad and Tobago.

  • Associate Member states: Anguilla, Bermuda, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, and the Turks and Caicos Islands.

  • Observer Status: Aruba, Colombia, the Dominican Republic, Mexico, Puerto Rico, and Venezuela maintain observer status. 



Logistics Performance Index (LPI) 2023


News: World Bank released Logistics Performance Index 2023 

About Logistics Performance Index (LPI):

  • LPI is released by World Bank.

  • It is an interactive benchmarking tool created to help countries identify the challenges and opportunities they face in their performance on trade logistics and what they can do to improve their performance.

  • It measures the ease of establishing reliable supply chain connections and structural factors that make it possible, such as the quality of logistics services, trade and transport-related infrastructure, as well as border controls.

  • Highlights of LPI 2023:

    • The LPI 2023 allows for comparisons across 139 countries.

    • The LPI 2023, for the first time, measures the speed of trade with indicators derived from big datasets tracking shipments.

    • Singapore and Finland are the most efficient and highest-ranked LPI countries as per the 2023 LPI.

    • India is ranked 38 out of 139 countries, climbing six places from the previous index.

    • Two major factors for India's jump in the index could be modernisation and digitalisation, which the report quotes as a reason for emerging economies like India to leapfrog advanced countries

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